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Samyukta hastas
                                                    

5. Shiva ('Benevolent')

5. Shiva  ('Benevolent')



Lord Shiva is symbolized by the left hand in mrigashirsha hasta and the right hand in tripataka hasta.

Lord shiva is known by different names, example Nilakantha (the blue necked one), Trinetra (one with three eyes), Nataraja (the king of dance) and many others. Each of these personifications can be expressed differently.

Abhinayadarpanam states:

"Shambovarmay mrugashirshas tripatakastu dakshine"


PATAKA HASTA ('Flag')


Anjali: Viniyogas (Meanings)

Viniyogas (Meanings)


Shiva in Sanskrit means “Auspicious or Benevolent”. He is responsible for the dissolution of this world during pralaya of the New Moon period especially at the end of the Year.

He is fair in complexion, but having the blue neck and a third eye on the forehead. He has a long matted hair which are tied into a knot. A spring of water is seen flowing from his hair representing the river celestial Ganges or the Zodiac. A crescent moon is studded to his hair. He has four arms as he holds his weapon trident (Trishula) and a smal drum Damaru. The other two hands are in Abhaya and Varada mudra. A bull named Nandi is his vehicle. And Devi Parvati is his consort.

When Shiva is in Nataraja’s pose his upper right hand holds Damaru symbolizing sound of creation. The upper left hand holds fire of destruction. The second right hand shows protection from evil and ignorance and the second left hand points to the raised foot which is symbol for liberation.



Shiva Natraja

 cobra uncoils from his lower right forearm, the crescent moon and a skull are on his crest. He dances within an arch of flames.

 



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